url

Improve this doc

Get the current URL of the page that is currently active.

This is an alias of cy.location('href')

Syntax

cy.url()
cy.url(options)

Usage

Correct Usage

cy.url()    // Yields the current url as a string

Arguments

options (Object)

Pass in an options object to change the default behavior of cy.url().

cy.hash( options )

Option Default Description
log true Displays the command in the Command log
timeout defaultCommandTimeout Time to wait for cy.url() to resolve before timing out

Yields

  • cy.url() yields the current URL as a string.

Examples

No Args

Assert the URL is http://localhost:8000/users/1/edit

// clicking the anchor causes the browser to follow the link
cy.get('#user-edit a').click()
cy.url().should('include', '/users/1/edit') // => true
cy.url().should('eq', 'http://localhost:8000/users/1/edit') // => true

Notes

Href Shorthand

Url is an alias for cy.location('href')

cy.url() uses href under the hood.

cy.url()                  // these yield the same string
cy.location('href')       // these yield the same string

Differences

Url versus href

Given the remote URL, http://localhost:8000/index.html, all 3 of these assertions are the same.

cy.location('href').should('include', '/index.html')

cy.location().its('href').should('include', '/index.html')

cy.url().should('include', '/index.html')

href and toString come from the window.location spec.

But you may be wondering where the url property comes from. Per the window.location spec, there actually isn’t a url property on the location object.

cy.url() exists because it’s what most developers naturally assume would return them the full current URL. We almost never refer to the URL as an href.

Hardcoded versus using the configuration object

Instead of hardcoding the URL you can use the baseUrl of the Cypress configuration.

Given the remote URL, http://localhost:8000/index.html, these assertions are the same.

cy.url().should('eq', 'http://localhost:8000//index.html')
cy.url().should('eq', Cypress.config().baseUrl + '/index.html') // tests won't fail in case the port changes

Assert that the url contains “#users/new”

cy.url().should('contain', '#users/new')

Rules

Requirements

  • cy.url() requires being chained off of cy.

Assertions

  • cy.url() will automatically retry itself until assertions you've chained all pass.

Timeouts

  • cy.url() can time out waiting for assertions you've added to pass.

Command Log

The commands above will display in the Command Log as:

Command Log

When clicking on url within the command log, the console outputs the following:

Console Log

See also