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invoke

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Invoke a function on the previously yielded subject.

If you want to get a property that is not a function on the previously yielded subject, use .its().

Syntax

.invoke(functionName)
.invoke(options, functionName)
.invoke(functionName, args...)
.invoke(options, functionName, args...)

Usage

Correct Usage

cy.wrap({ animate: fn }).invoke('animate') // Invoke the 'animate' function
cy.get('.modal').invoke('show')            // Invoke the jQuery 'show' function

Incorrect Usage

cy.invoke('convert')                     // Errors, cannot be chained off 'cy'
cy.wrap({ name: 'Jane' }).invoke('name') // Errors, 'name' is not a function

Arguments

functionName (String, Number)

Name of function to be invoked.

options (Object)

Pass in an options object to change the default behavior of .invoke().

Option Default Description
log true Displays the command in the Command log
timeout defaultCommandTimeout Time to wait for .invoke() to resolve before timing out

args…

Additional arguments to be given to the function call. There is no limit to the number of arguments.

Examples

Function

Assert on a function’s return value

const fn = () => {
  return 'bar'
}

cy.wrap({ foo: fn }).invoke('foo').should('eq', 'bar') // true

Use .invoke() to test HTML content

Check out our example recipe where we use cy.invoke('text') to test against HTML content in ‘Bootstrapping your App’

Properties that are functions are invoked

In the example below, we use .invoke() to force a hidden div to be 'display: block' so we can interact with its children elements.

cy.get('div.container').should('be.hidden') // element is hidden
  .invoke('show') // call jquery method 'show' on the '.container'
  .should('be.visible') // element is visible now
  .find('input') // drill down into a child "input" element
  .type('Cypress is great') // and type text

Use .invoke('show') and .invoke('trigger')

Check out our example recipe where we use cy.invoke('show') and cy.invoke('trigger') to click an element that is only visible on hover

Function with Arguments

Send specific arguments to the function

const fn = (a, b, c) => {
  return a + b + c
}

cy
  .wrap({ sum: fn })
  .invoke('sum', 2, 4, 6)
    .should('be.gt', 10) // true
    .and('be.lt', 20)    // true

Use cy.invoke('removeAttr', 'target') to get around new tab

Check out our example recipe where we use cy.invoke('removeAttr', 'target') to test clicking on a link without opening in a new tab

Arguments are automatically forwarded to the function

cy
  .get('img').invoke('attr', 'src')
    .should('include', 'myLogo')

Arrays

In the above examples, the subject was an object, but cy.invoke also works on arrays and allows using numerical index to pick a function to run.

const reverse = (s) => Cypress._.reverse(s)
const double = (n) => n * n

// picks function with index 1 and calls it with argument 4
cy.wrap([reverse, double]).invoke(1, 4).should('eq', 16)

Invoking an async function

In this example we have a little text input field and we invoke an async action which will disable this input field.
.invoke() will then wait until the Promise resolves and only then will continue executing to check if it really has been disabled.

Our input field

<input type="text" name="text" data-cy="my-text-input">

The Cypress Test with cy.invoke() awaiting the promise:

function disableElementAsync (element) {
  return new Promise((resolve) => {
    setTimeout(() => {
      element.disabled = true
      resolve()
    }, 3000)
  })
}

cy.get('[data-cy=my-text-input]').then((textElements) => {
  cy.wrap({ disableElementAsync })
    .invoke('disableElementAsync', textElements[0])
})

// log message appears after 3 seconds
cy.log('after invoke')

// assert UI
cy.get('[data-cy=my-text-input]').should('be.disabled')

For a full example where invoke is used to await async Vuex store actions, visit the recipe: Vue + Vuex + REST

Notes

Third Party Plugins

Using a Kendo DropDown

If you are using jQuery then the jQuery wrapped elements will automatically have your 3rd party plugins available to be called.

cy.get('input').invoke('getKendoDropDownList').then((dropDownList) => {
  // yields the return of $input.getKendoDropDownList()
  return dropDownList.select('apples')
})

We can rewrite the previous example in a more terse way and add an assertion.

cy
  .get('input')
  .invoke('getKendoDropDownList')
  .invoke('select', 'apples')
  .invoke('val').should('match', /apples/)

Retries

.invoke() automatically retries invoking the specified method until the returned value satisfies the attached assertions. The example below passes after 1 second.

let message = 'hello'
const english = {
  greeting () {
    return message
  }
}

setTimeout(() => {
  message = 'bye'
}, 1000)

// initially the english.greeting() returns "hello" failing the assertion.
// .invoke('greeting') tries again and again until after 1 second
// the returned message becomes "bye" and the assertion passes
cy.wrap(english).invoke('greeting').should('equal', 'bye')
Invoke retries example

Rules

Requirements

  • .invoke() requires being chained off a previous command.

Assertions

  • .invoke() will wait for the function to exist on the subject before running.

  • .invoke() will wait for the promise to resolve if the invoked function returns a promise.

  • .invoke() will automatically retry until assertions you've chained all pass.

Timeouts

  • .invoke() can time out waiting for assertions you've added to pass.

  • .invoke() can time out waiting for a promise you've returned to resolve.

Command Log

Invoke jQuery show method on element

cy.get('.connectors-div').should('be.hidden')
  .invoke('show').should('be.visible')

The commands above will display in the Command Log as:

Command Log for invoke

When clicking on invoke within the command log, the console outputs the following:

Console Log for invoke

History

Version Changes
3.8.0 Added support for options argument
3.7.0 Added support for arguments of type Number for functionName

See also