Mounting Components

Many tests, regardless of framework or type, follow a similar format: Arrange, Act, and Assert. This pattern "Arrange, Act, Assert" was first coined in 2001 by Bill Wilke and is explained thoroughly in his blog post "3A - Arrange, Act, Assert".

When it comes to component testing, mounting your component is where we Arrange our component under test. It is analogous to visiting a page in an end-to-end test.

What is the Mount Function?

We ship a mount function for each front-end framework Cypress supports, which is imported from the cypress package. It is responsible for rendering components within Cypress's sandboxed iframe and handling any framework-specific cleanup.

import { mount } from 'cypress/svelte'

Using cy.mount() Anywhere

While you can use the mount function in your tests, we recommend using cy.mount(), which is added as a custom command in the cypress/support/component.js file:

import { mount } from 'cypress/svelte'

Cypress.Commands.add('mount', mount)

This allows you to use cy.mount() in any component test without having to import the framework-specific mount command.

Your First Component Test

Now that you have a component let's write a spec that mounts the component.

To get started, create a spec file in the same directory as the Stepper.svelte component and name it Then paste the following into it:

import Stepper from './Stepper.svelte'

describe('Stepper', () => {
  it('mounts', () => {

Here, we have a single test that ensures that our component mounts.

Running the Test

Now it's time to see the test in action. Open up Cypress if it is not already running:

npx cypress open --component

The --component flag will launch us directly into component testing

And launch the browser of your choice. In the spec list, click on and you will see the stepper component mounted in the test area.

Stepper Mount Test

Stepper Mount Test

A basic test that mounts a component in its default state is an excellent way to start testing. Since Cypress renders your component in a real browser, you have a lot of advantages, such as seeing that the component renders as it should, interacting with the component in the test runner, and using the browser dev tools to inspect and debug both your tests and the component's code.

Feel free to play around with the Stepper component by interacting with the increment and decrement buttons.

Next Steps

Now that we have our component mounted, next we will learn how to write tests against it.